1. What is Rest principle?
Rest is extremely necessary for life, both for physical health and for mental health. It is good that you know that to rest from work you do not have to indulge in idleness because just by changing activity, a beneficial effect is achieved by producing in your body similar effects and even higher than reported inactivity.
Nearly one-third of our life is spent sleeping, and during sleep, the functions of the body, as well as those of the mind, are restored. The best sleep quality is obtained in the hours before midnight. To achieve the best sleep, bedtime should not exceed 10.00 p.m. and requires that for this, the stomach is empty.
When the hours of sleep are insufficient, there are some symptoms such as irritability, memory loss, depression, difficulties in concentration, decreased the ability of the body to prevent diseases, as well as to repair and restore tissues and organs.
2. How Rest gives Great health benefits?
• Nervous System: Maintains active memory and learning since rest preserves the integrity of the neural circuit, an area involved in these processes.
• Immune system: Sleeping well makes the body better resistance to diseases as it helps strengthen our defenses. This is possible because it directly influences different homeostatic processes of the organism.
• Circulation of blood: The regulation of the neurovegetative system that occurs while we sleep makes the circulatory system have to make less effort during the night, a circumstance that improves blood circulation.
• Metabolism: The decrease in energy expenditure during our sleep hours is transformed into energy for the repairing functions of the human body. This reduction in the metabolic rate of our body is between 10% and 15%.
• Heart: Rest makes the heart rate go down. In parallel, melatonin levels rise. Along with growth hormone, melatonin causes the cells and tissues of the heart to regenerate.
• Brain activity: Several studies have reported that a lack of rest can increase the chances of suffering depression, anxiety, and irritability among other disorders.
3. Types of Rest?
Active: It consists of performing certain low-intensity work during the resting phase. It is used especially when we perform anaerobic lactic or strength-resistance training sessions. It contributes to the rapid elimination of lactate levels.
Passive: It consists of the non-performance of activity. It is used after work speed, coordination, technical work, and competitions. These are activities of high intensity and high demand for concentration for the Nervous System which leads to high fatigue that requires a passive rest between stimuli.
External recovery: Sauna, massage, baths, hydrotherapy, facilitate the reduction of fatigue allowing faster recovery.
Change of activity: It consists of performing other forms of physical activity different in order to achieve recovery, psychological detoxification and promote nervous balance.
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